The modern city of Caserta was established around the defensive tower built in Lombard times by >Pando, Prince of Capua. Pando
destroyed the original city around 863. The
tower is now part of the Palazzo della Prefettura which was once the seat of the
counts of Caserta, as well as a Royal residence. The original population moved
from Casertavecchia (former bishopric seat) to the current site in the 16th century.
The city and vicinity were the property of the Acquaviva family, who, being pressed by huge debts,
sold all the land to the royal family. The royal family then selected Caserta
for the construction of their new palace, which, being in land was seen as more
defensible than the previous palace fronting the Bay of Naples.
Caserta was the birthplace of the Italian writer Maria Valtorta.
Caserta is the capital of the province of Caserta in the Campania region of Italy. It is an important agricultural, commercial and
industrial comune and city.
Caserta is located on the edge of the Campanian plain at the foot of the
Campanian Subapennine mountain range. The city is best known for the Palace of Caserta.